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1. Introduction, 2. Transgenders as Depicted in Hindu Mythology and in Tamil Literature, 3. Intersex and Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, 4. Transgenders - Physiological Parameters, 5. Transgenders - Psychological Parameters, 6. Role of Tamil Community in the Development of Thirunangai Communities – A Profile, 7. Social Exclusion Of Transgender, 8. Kalki Subramanian – A Profile, 9. Conclusion.
The legal, economic and social marginalization of transgender affects every aspect of their lives. Social exclusion is reflected in laws that do not acknowledge the existence of transgender, either as a third gender or as people who wish to transition from male to female, or from female to male. Without legal protection, transgender is vulnerable to daily violence and discrimination, with cumulative impacts. Some impacts are visible, such as the HIV epidemic among transgender in many parts of the world. Most impacts are insidious, with transgender, their families, and communities left to support each other and struggle for their rights. Human rights experts have offered guidance on how to apply existing human laws. From a young age, many transgender people experience social rejection and marginalization because of their expression of their gender identity. This social exclusion affects their self-perception and sense of worth. It may contribute to depression, anxiety, drug and alcohol use, self-harm and suicide. Young transgender people are particularly vulnerable to homelessness, unemployment and economic instability, as they often depend on family and educational institutions for housing and other resources .This is mainly due to the fact that their inherent complexities in physiology which does not gel with their psychology deprivation of everything in their life.